Notes on the Transcript
This particular transcript of the 1664 Lady Day hearth tax manuscript for Surrey originated from a database that was complied using the name index in the 1940 Surrey Record Society Volume (C.A.F. Meekings, Surrey hearth tax 1664, Surrey Record Society, 17 (1940)). This database was then compared to the original manuscript source and a professional palaeographer reinserted all of the partially legible entries that were not included in the original volume. It therefore represents a complete transcript of the original manuscript, rather than simply a transcription of the 1940 volume. In doing so, the transcript reinstates and replicates the original hundred/parish listing of the households, rather than adopting the alphabetical by surname approach of the published volume.
Description of the document
“The Exchequer Duplicate Hearth Tax Roll for Surrey Ladyday 1664 consists of 114 membranes, measuring each thirty inches long by six inches wide and written top to bottom on the face and in reverse order on the dorse; containing lists of the names of persons both Chargeable and Not Chargeable and the number of hearths in their possession from all the parishes in Surrey and for the two liberties, of the Clinke and Old Paris Garden , in St Saviour’s parish, Southwark, which formed part of the administrative county. It was enrolled from assessments made out by the Petty Constables, Tythingmen and Headboroughs of the County. In addition, lists for the Southwark Parishes of St George and St Saviour are enrolled; the reason for which is not clear since at this time Southwark was administered separately from the County.” (C.A.F. Meekings, Surrey hearth tax, p. lxxxiv).
Condition of the Document and Omissions
“Although parts of the Roll are in excellent preservation, its general condition can only be described as poor; this is due partly to damp, which has blurred the ink of many entries and caused the parchment to decay badly in places, and partly to the ink being rubbed, leaving only penmarks which are usually too faint to read by themselves. The places to suffer most from the first causes happen to be the two liberties and the two Southwark parishes, and this fact, together with the lack of details for the parishes of St Olave and St Thomas and the fact that Southwark was administered separately at this period determine the omission of such legible entries as there were.” (C.A.F. Meekings, Surrey hearth tax, p. lxxxiv). These omissions have been applied likewise to this transcription.
Missing or illegible text
- Where manuscript text is completely illegible, it has been replaced with […]
- Where text is partially legible or questionable, it has been transcribed as best estimated and enclosed in square brackets, thus [SMITH]
Place names have been transcribed as they appear on the manuscript, with the modern equivalent and spelling (if different) added beneath in square brackets